Project 1: Mobile based Market Information Support System for Farmers
Principal Investigator: Dr. S. M. Basha, Professor, Dept. of CSE
Abstract: The agriculture is crucial for the growth of the country as 70% of the population are living in about 6.25 Lakhs of villages, and are depending on agriculture. And also Agriculture is major sector of Andhra Pradesh state economy with over 20 millions of agricultural workers and a total cropped area of 13.82 million ha. The major food crops are rice, jowar, maize, cotton, red chilies, variety of pulses, groundnut and other oilseeds.
Farmers need to have hands on information about market data, fertilizers to fertile land before cultivation, the crops that give good results in current climatic conditions, the varieties of seed for best yield, the water availability and requirements, the types of attacks on the crops and its preventions, surrounding market details and space availability in the market yards and cold storages.
Getting this information on daily basis is the real hurdle for the farmers. So there is a need for an intelligent system that provides a solution to reach this information at the farmer’s doorsteps. We propose an automated decision support system for the farmers so that the farmers reap maximum benefits for the effort and expenditure made.
Project Impact: This project opens the door for the students of Agriculture, Computes science, Information Technology, Master of Business Administration to do their research work in statistical analysis, economic analysis, marketing analysis and taking the decision for pricing analysis, best production techniques, and possibly maintain a fixed-price throughout the state and country. The solution offers automated decision support system for the farmers so that the farmers reap maximum benefits for the effort and expenditure made and reduce the role of middle man.
Project 2: Biological Degradation of Plastic Waste in the Environment
Principal Investigator: Dr. Mehtab Yasmeen, Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering
Abstract: Plastics cannot degrade easily and remain in the environment slowly releasing the toxic gases. Burning of plastics again releases toxic fumes in the atmosphere. Degradation of plastics is a great challenge as the materials are increasingly used. It is therefore required to find effective methods of plastic waste degradation which are fast and safe to the environment.
The degradation of plastics has been investigated for more than three decades now. During early years research was mainly concerned about understanding the deterioration process (Johnson, 1987) and how light (photo degradation) and heat (thermal degradation) may help in degrading the plastics (Day and Wiles, 1972a).
But now the focus of research is on biodegradation of plastics using different types of microorganisms from different sources (Klausmeir and Osmon, 1976) and on the production of biodegradable (Wool and Cole, 1988) and photodegradable plastics (Horsfall 1981). Microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes can degrade the plastics (Gu et al., 2000a) in aerobic and anaerobic conditions.
Project Impact: During the course of our research we are expecting to identify a good number of effective strains of microbes which we want to formulate and distribute for universal application to degrade the plastic wastes. The new method of plastic degradation is expected to be effective, safe and fast in the environment.